There are many views on the use of psychometrics in recruitment, ranging from dangerous and reductive to the best thing since sliced bread. As a busy manager, how do you assess whether the cost of such tools is worth it to improve your ability to find the right person?
Choosing the right psychometric tool
We all know that the costs of recruitment are high. A study by Oxford Economics back in 2014 reveals that replacing a staff member costs an average of £30,614 per employee. There are 2 key factors that make up this cost:
- The cost of lost output whilst the new employee beds into the organisation
- The logistical costs of the recruitment process in terms of management time, recruitment fees and temporary cover
If these costs are accurate, as a manager you need to take every care possible to ensure that the person appointed will fit in with the rest of the team in terms of behaviours.
Technical skills should be a given
Assessing technical competence and experience to do the job are relatively straightforward, the bit that is more difficult is the behavioural side. Assessing behaviours in interview is a bit of a dark art. Asking for examples of how they have behaved in the past is a good starting point. However, as a manager you are fishing about in the dark as the candidate will always put their best side forward and the canny candidate always picks examples to show them at their best.
To technical skills and beyond!
Psychometrics can be particularly useful here, as they give an insight into a candidate’s behavioural preferences from which you can probe how they adapt their preferences and reveal whether or not these adaptations are sustainable.
As a manager, what do you need to know when considering using psychometrics in recruitment?
Picking your psychometric tool
Most psychometric tools are founded in the approach of the Big Five Personality Traits Model or (OCEAN) which dates to the 1950s. It is an accurate and respected personality scale and is based on 5 key dimensions of people’s personality:
Openness – How big picture thinking and creative you are
Conscientiousness – How discipline driven or organised you are
Extroversion/Introversion – Your level of sociability
Agreeableness – How focused on people you are rather than the outcome
Neuroticism – Your emotional stability
The Big Five in relation to the Lumina Spark Aspects. Overextensions are explored on the flip side of the mandala, examining when traits become maladaptive if overplayed or unmoderated under stress.
Most personality profiles focus on the first four of these dimensions. However, some of these scales have evaluative bias built in which favours one end of the scale over the other. For example: it is generally perceived as a positive to be high on the conscientious scale as this means you are organised. The opposite end of the scale is disorganised, which is not a trait many people would like to acknowledge.
However, those people who are low on the conscientious scale can be very adaptable and flexible in their approach and be able to deal with ambiguity far more effectively than those high on the scale. In the VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous) world in which we live, this trait can be incredibly beneficial.
The language used to describe being low on each of these scales also encourages this evaluative bias using words such as:
Low Openness – conventional, down to earth, narrow interests, uncreative
Low Conscientiousness – disorganised, undependable, negligent
Low Extroversion – introverted, reserved, inhibited, quiet
Low Agreeableness – critical, rude, harsh, callous
Using a Linear Scale
Many tools which have been around a while tend to measure these traits on a linear scale. For example, they measure how extroverted you are and assume that if you score low on this scale you must therefore be introverted. This can further reinforce the belief that one end of the scale is better than the other.
The consequence is encouraging oversimplifying stereotypes of people and putting them into boxes, as opposed to being aware that people may shift in their behaviour depending on situation, even if it is uncommon for them to make that shift. Organisations and individuals deserve and need to understand the full picture on personality, not just the common picture.
Portraying what the interviewer wants to see
Another consideration is whether there is the ability to adjust the responses to the fact that the questionnaire is being answered in a high-stake situation, rather than a purely developmental one.
If you keep in mind psychometrics tend to mostly be self-assessments, if applying for a new job a candidate will want to show themselves off in the best light. Therefore, research has shown that candidates completing such tools in a recruitment scenario tend to emphasise the outcome focused and discipline driven aspects of their personality and play down some of those traits which may be perceived as less attractive to a prospective employer.
There is no such thing as a perfect profile
A psychometric is not test, there are no right or wrong profiles. As human beings we are all different and that diversity is helpful in the workplace. Although it is very helpful to identify an ideal competency profile for a role against which to benchmark candidates, no decision should be made on the psychometric alone. There’s a positive and negative to every unique personality and psychometrics should be striving to measure not only the here and now, but also the potential of every individual.
Personalities change over time, and most people can dial up or down their behavioural qualities dependent upon the situation. Using a psychometric to inform the interview gives you information upon which you can probe how their personal preferences differ from the ideal profile and how they have adapted their behaviour to accommodate different individuals and situations.
Lumina Select Portrait Walkthrough
Measuring 16 competencies, Lumina Select allows you to find the right people, ask the right questions and uncover hidden potential, thereby avoiding costly recruitment errors. Likewise, you can uncover hidden issues, with overextended behaviours under stress being marked as Competency Blockers, informing you of how performance may be hindered under certain stresses. You can learn more about the link between personality and candidate competency potential in our recent article by Product Development Lead Julie Ensor. You can use Select for both selection and development as Select integrates seamlessly with our personality development tool Spark, making Select a truly versatile tool. If using Spark and Select together in integration appeals to you then check out our case study in which the two tools are used collaboratively.
The 16 Lumina Select competencies
Lumina Select considers the values of an organisation as well as the requirements of a specific role. This ensures that the candidate is good for the organisation, and the organisation is good for the candidate. It is designed to increase awareness for both the recruiter and the candidate so they can both get a better sense of the qualities and behaviours needed for a particular role within the culture of your organisation. Not only does it give you a clear, easy to understand, one-page summary report showing candidates strengths and weaknesses, it also indicates likely behaviours under stress.
Lumina Select One Page Report
The accompanying Interview Guide compares the individual self-assessment against the ideal competency profile you are seeking. It indicates any qualities the candidate may have which could act as blockers and how the candidate’s tendencies under stress may impact their abilities to retain those positive behaviours. Find out more about the feature’s of Lumina Select and what it offers on our website, in our Select Introduction article, or find your local Lumina Learning contact and get in touch to find out more.
Lumina Select’s main features